How Long Does Pet CBD Last?

 

From changing the method you use to train your pet to adding a new CBD supplement to their regimen, making changes to your pet’s routine often takes a lot of research, consultation, and worry on your part.

At Canna Companion, we hope to make that easier on you with our extensive resources, like our Cannabis Science, FAQ, and Blog sections, and access to our licensed veterinary professionals with a free one-on-one consultation.

Once you’ve decided to make CBD a regular part of your pet’s routine, it’s important to keep track of how much CBD you are administering and how long it lasts. Identifying your pet’s unique needs in this way will help you offer maximal support to your four-legged friend.

  • Information about tolerance to CBD and link out to CC blogs that talk about determining the amount / when to increase the amount given.

How long does it take for CBD to take effect?

The reasons you choose to give cannabis or CBD to your pet are expansive. For instance, Canna Companion’s line of custom-formulated CBD pet supplements provides a number of benefits, including:

  • Supports digestive processes and encourages optimal GI function
  • Helps support the immune system
  • Assists with joint discomfort associated with normal daily exercise and activity
  • Promotes general joint health
  • Maintains healthy neurological function
  • Supports cellular health for comfort and care
  • Encourages a normal, calm demeanor including in cases of temporary and/or situational anxieties
  • Maintains normal inflammatory response

These reasons will correspond not only with the type of supplement that is best suited for your pet, but also how you can observe the effect taking place. For example, if you are giving your pet CBD as a joint support, you may observe easier mobility and activity while your pet is taking the supplement. Additionally, you may notice periods of stiffness or less activity if/when the effects start to wear off.

You can typically expect CBD supplements to begin working within 30-60 minutes of administration. However, this will vary depending on your pet’s biological factors, as well as what type of CBD you are giving.

How long does pet CBD last?

Just as CBD products have a certain lasting effect in humans, eventually, the supportive effects of CBD in your pet will wear off too. There are several different factors that impact how long the effects of CBD will last for your pet, including factors as basic as the species, breed, age, height, and weight of your pet.

For instance, older patients experiencing a normal reduction in GI absorption may see an alteration in the response and duration of the supplement’s effect.

Absorption

One of the major factors impacting the duration of action of CBD supplements’ effects is absorption. While dogs are naturally able to digest plant matter, cats are obligate carnivores. This means that they depend only on meat for survival, and, therefore, their bodies cannot digest plants properly.

For plant compounds to enter the circulation in cats, they have to be altered in some way. In the wild, this occurs by the ingestion of partially digested plant matter found within the intestines of their prey.

However, in the supplement world, those compounds must meet several factors: small size, administration with other compounds that enhance absorption of plant matter, and proper chemical formulation for absorption in a carnivorous GI tract.

Age and GI tract health also appear to have a role in the absorption of CBD in cats and dogs, though the exact impact is not clear due to the lack of double-blind or peer-reviewed studies published on the matter. Based on typical responses of older GI tracts in dogs and cats – how they absorb medications, nutrients and supplements – as well as observational data over the last two decades, it is likely CBD products are also impacted by normal age-related GI tract changes.

Metabolism

Another major factor of how long CBD lasts in pets is metabolism. Let’s take a look at an overview of the metabolic process in pets:

1. Mouth

The very first step in the digestive process is the prehension of food -the act of putting food into the mouth. This is quickly followed by mastication, or chewing the food. In the case of cats, repositioning the food in preparation for swallowing. (Fun fact: Cats don’t actually chew their food, though they do gnaw on bones, while dogs may chew or swallow in chunks). Whether you are administering a meal or a CBD supplement, this is where the process begins.

2. Esophagus

Food and water will pass from the mouth to the stomach via the esophagus. It is important to keep a close eye for any problems that occur in this part of the digestive process, such as indigestion or difficulty swallowing. These problems tend to require a veterinarian’s immediate treatment.

3. Stomach

Next, food is stored in your pet’s stomach, both fully and partially digested. Just as in humans, this is where your pet’s body will produce acids and digestive enzymes that will help break down whatever it has ingested.

We often see that aging pets have a better time digesting food with the support of supplements or additives; this is a result of the normal aging process.

4. Intestines

Your pet’s intestines are a collection of organs where food is further broken down and digested into absorbable nutrients that then go on to circulate via the liver to the rest of the body. The pancreas and gallbladder excrete enzymes that assist in this process. We find that a large portion of CBD is left untouched in this stage, but this is not a bad thing. The cannabis receptor system can only handle so many compounds at once.

5. Colon

The colon is where food, water, and solid waste exit the body. While cleaning up after your four-legged friend may seem like an unsightly chore, inspecting their stool can be a clear giveaway to whether or not they currently have a healthy digestive cycle.

The storage of waste can allow cannabis compounds that were not absorbed to attach to local receptors within the colonic lumen. This process only occurs when such receptors indicate they need compounds, such as when the nearby colon cells are sending out stress chemicals.

Similar to absorption, your pet’s basic biological traits affect the way their digestive system works. For instance, according to PetMD, a dog’s digestive system typically takes anywhere from eight to ten hours to digest a meal fully, but can take as long as twelve or as quick as four depending on your dog’s breed and the type of food consumed.

On the other hand, cats have smaller bodies and therefore take longer to digest foods than other pets. Your feline will take anywhere between seven and twelve hours to fully digest a meal.

  • Breakdown of the normal processes in pets; normal metabolism (compliancy), ECM process of breaking things down

Food Ingestion

Another consideration is whether or not the CBD supplement you are giving your pet is being given with food. Food ingestion will slow the process of absorption and thus increase the duration of effect of CBD in your pet.

More notably, the presence of food provides two other important benefits. Food often increases the absorption of these compounds, particularly for carnivorous species, and it provides a layer of protection in sensitive patients, therefore reducing the risk for GI upset.

Pet’s Support Needs

Yet another factor is how much support your pet needs or how many areas are being addressed with CBD supplements.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) listens to stress chemicals and shuttles compounds where they are needed most. If there happens to be two areas of stress (e.g. aging pet with joint stiffness & noise phobia), and one provides appropriate numbers and types of compounds, then the ECS can better address those stresses.

As you can see, along with key biological factors, absorption, metabolism, food ingestion, and the support needs of your pet greatly impact how long CBD could last in your pet. But, it doesn’t stop there; it also matters what type of supplement you are giving your companion.

Which CBD pet supplements are best for your pet?

When it comes to CBD pet supplements, there are a variety of forms, with the two most common being whole plant or full spectrum capsules and oils.

Based on Canna Companion’s observational research spanning 20 years and thousands of patients, here is what we can say about how long pet CBD lasts based on what form you administer:

Oils are easier to break down than solid formulations, such as the powders in capsules. They, therefore, generally work faster and have a shorter duration of action. If given orally such that the stomach and intestines can digest and absorb the compounds, most oils start working in 30-45 min and last 4-6 hours.

On the other hand, if given by mouth for oral absorption (e.g. under the tongue, in the cheek pouch, or a small volume on the tongue), then the effects are often observed within five minutes, but only last 1-2 hours.

Capsules are more complex; compounds do not generally hit systemic circulation for 60-90 minutes. However, they last 8-10 hours in dogs and ~16 hours in cats.

As you can see, there are a multitude of factors that impact how long CBD supplements last in your pet. At Canna Companion, we understand that any good pet parent would want to get the full picture for their specific pet before making changes to their routine.

That’s why our licensed veterinarians take all of this into consideration in the formulation of our pet CBD products as well as in our one-on-one consultations. In fact, our intake form gives us an extensive picture of your pet’s health so that we can make recommendations completely custom to your pet.

It is our priority to create a plan that works for your four-legged friend, from personal preferences to individual medical history and more. To schedule a complimentary one-on-one consultation for your pet, book an appointment today.

What is the Difference between Pet CBD and Human CBD?

The CBD industry is, without question, booming. Although there may not be federal organizations publishing official studies, there is still significantly more research available about CBD – for humans, that is. And two things are very clear from existing human consumers: it works and people love it.

So why can’t we just use those popular, human CBD brands for our pets? What is the difference? We’re diving into these questions and more to show you why it’s so important to select your pet supplements carefully.

 

What is the difference between pet CBD and human CBD?

We’ll be upfront with you. The answer is that there really isn’t a difference.

However, sharing your CBD with your four-legged friends is not necessarily a good idea. In fact, it can be dangerous to your pet and cause unintended harm.

Most of the time, it has nothing to do with the actual CBD formulation itself. Many brands will add certain elements to their products to make it easier for consumption. 

Think of vitamin supplements you might find at a CVS or grocery store. They are often flavored with fruits to make taking your vitamins a lot more pleasant. In the same way, human CBD supplements often have added flavors like peppermint or chocolate to make it a fun experience. As you can imagine, most pets may not be fond of these flavors. 

More notably, CBD brands create concentrations that are easily administered to their target consumer. For instance, a human CBD oil might make one serving a dropper-full of oil. However, what is calculated to be one serving for a human will not be the same for your pet. 

The quantity and concentration of product varies between pet CBD and human CBD, meaning that you could potentially put your companion at risk by sharing your CBD products with them.

 

What happens if you give too much CBD to your pet?

Human CBD is usually formulated at a higher concentration than pet CBD. This creates a risk around the amount of CBD you are administering, meaning your pet could experience adverse effects, toxicity, or overdose.


Let’s get into what each of these mean.

Adverse Effects

An adverse effect is an undesirable reaction which, in this case, is a result of CBD administration. This will likely manifest as mild and quickly reversible upset to your pet such as drowsiness or lethargy, upset stomach, and in some cases, diarrhea.

It is simple to reduce the risk of such potential adverse effects by following recommended guidelines like administering the supplement during or after mealtimes. Adverse effects are seen in the general population at labeled quantities of a given product but considered acceptable, or low risk, relative to the potential benefits. 

Toxicity

Products that are not manufactured with your pet’s needs in mind may contain elements that are poisonous to your companion. Toxicity occurs when your pet is exposed to these poisons, potentially causing death or serious debilitation.

While many claim that cannabis cannot pose a toxic risk –and that does apply to the natural plant with small quantities of compounds– both CBD and THC can cause serious debilitation and death at extreme amounts. It is important to note that the amount it takes for this is highly variable and is based on individual response. 

With toxicity, the symptoms are more severe than adverse effects. Lethargy progresses to coma, respiratory depression progresses to levels that prohibit adequate oxygenation without support, extremely low blood pressure puts significant stress on most organ systems, potentially causing long term effects if the patient survives the insult, etc.

In the case of cannabis supplements (CBD, THC, hemp), toxicities tend to be managed with aggressive medical management, such as IV fluids, oxygen supplementation, protective drugs for whatever system is involved most, etc., and time. Most of the compounds’ effects wear off after 2-3 days.

Although this information may deter you from using CBD supplements from your pet – it shouldn’t. Being equipped with this knowledge gives you greater power to care for your pet in the best way possible. It also emphasizes the importance of selecting the right product for your four-legged friend.

Overdose

An overdose is a dose that is too large and results in adverse or lethal reactions. This is what happens when the quantity administered is greater than the recommended amount and can  have severe consequences.

 

Contrary to popular belief, CBD overdose can occur in pets, but the quantity required to get there is highly variable and is dependent upon several factors including:

  • Age
  • Species
  • Presence of other compounds
  • Hydration status
  • Cardiovascular, neurological and other individual sensitivities

Similar to toxicity, symptoms are more severe with overdose. Lethargy now prohibits your pet from assuming normal daily activities; GI upset causes protracted vomiting and extreme diarrhea. The body begins to have troubles with more critical areas: low blood pressure, poor reaction times, lowered respiration rate, elevated or lowered heart rate – and can cascade into long term effects if not corrected (e.g. respiratory collapse). 

To be clear, CBD overdose is rare. In fact, it is usually the result of humans leaving their high-potency CBD extracts out where a child or pet can ingest the whole thing. Another overdose potential is a well-meaning pet parent giving an unknown quantity (usually homemade, improper potency on the label, etc.) or extremely large quantity (such as by using a human CBD product) to a dog or cat.

 

Here’s the kicker: some overdoses require immediate medical attention while others require time. So, how can you tell the difference? It’s all in the symptoms:

If your pet…

  • Takes the appropriate labeled amounts, but shows more fatigue than normal
  • Experiences mild GI upset, such as soft-formed stool, slightly off feed, etc.
  • Or shows any of the above symptoms after taking 2x the labeled quantity

 

Speak with your veterinarian and call Canna Companion for a consultation. Always contact your attending veterinary doctor before us.

If your pet…

  • Ingested a quantity 3-4x the labeled quantity 
  • Wobbles while walking, but can stand unaided
  • Can drink water properly
  • Presents mild GI upset, such as lip licking, refusing food, mild diarrhea, etc.
  • Shows less interest in pets, treats, and regular activity

 

Monitor your pet throughout the day and call your veterinarian in the morning if the symptoms do not change.

If your pet…

  • Is unable to get up unaided or with minimal help
  • Is unable to eat or drink without assistance
  • Has ingested a known large quantity (even if no symptoms are present yet)
  • Exhibits delayed responses (difficulty or inability to wake from a nap or when wakes is too groggy to greet you)
  • Shows protracted GI upset (continued vomiting or retching, ongoing diarrhea, GI cramping)
  • Displays odd changes in behavior (depression to mania)
  • Or any other symptoms that cause severe concern

 

Call your veterinarian or local veterinary emergency hospital immediately. 

In addition to ‘overdose’, it is important to consider that there are other components in CBD products. For instance, CBD is fat-soluble, which means that infusing it with a good quality oil (also called a carrier oil) can increase its bioavailability. Therefore, in addition to pure CBD being potentially life-threatening in large quantities, both CBD & certain types of carrier oils (specifically MCT) can cause gastrointestinal upset.

Manufacturers of these products specifically take all these things into consideration and design products that give you more clarity in how much to give your pet. For instance, Canna Companion’s has weight-based recommendations that come with our products and we offer free consultations to guide you through the safety guidelines of administering CBD.

 

Make Sure Your CBD Is Up To Snuff

So no, there is not a huge difference between pet CBD and human CBD, but the concentrations vary in a way that just makes it safer to provide your pet with the best supplement you can offer them. 

When selecting the right CBD pet supplement for your four-legged friend, be sure to look for high-quality products that are custom formulated for companion animals. 

One way to do this is to only purchase from brands that provide you with a Certificate of Analysis (COA) for each batch of product. To make the search for the right product even easier, choose brands that are certified by the National Animal Supplement Council’s quality seal

At Canna Companion, we are committed to transparency and care for your pet, which is why we offer one-on-one consultation with our licensed veterinary professionals to give you the best custom care and recommendations. Book a free consultation or shop our products today.

How to Use CBD for Cats

You have surely heard of the many benefits of cannabidiol, or CBD, for humans. With all its potential benefits, cannabis and CBD are all the rage these days.

Scientists and researchers have discovered that CBD may actually have similar positive effects on your favorite feline friend. As a growing number of Americans begin to accept and experiment with hemp and its benefits, you might also consider using CBD supplements or hemp oil for your cat to improve their health and happiness.

This guide will answer all your questions and relieve all your worries about using CBD for cats. Check it out!

Is CBD really good for my cat?

Like in humans, CBD for pets has yet to be widely accepted as common practice and unfortunately, there isn’t as much data available when it comes to cannabinoids and cats as there is for humans or dogs.

However, as veterinary experts delve deeper into this phenomenon, more and more research becomes available to support that CBD has a range of benefits for your four-legged friends.

Cats respond specifically well to CBD and hemp supplements under short-term anxiety situations, such as separation anxiety and noise phobias. They have also been known to experience improved mobility, similar to dogs. In fact, products containing CBD may help to relieve aches associated with high activity, support a normal digestive process, and promote a calm mood.

Other benefits of CBD for cats include:

  • Physical and mental well-being
  • A sense of relaxation
  • Supported immune system function
  • Encourages normal mobility and joint function

In other words, CBD is feline friendly and offers a whole range of benefits to keep them happy. If you’re hoping to support your feline’s quality of life, it’s worth looking into CBD.

 

How does CBD work for pets?

CBD delivers this range of benefits in both animals and us through the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). This complex system is found within the bodies of all mammals and works as one of the body’s largest neurotransmitter networks.

The ECS is made up of three main components: endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes. Explained simply, the endocannabinoids bind to receptors in order to signal that the entire system needs to take action.

From situational overgrooming to reactivity, the ECS regulates a number of functions and processes in the body. In fact, the endocannabinoid system helps with normal processes like digestion, mobility, mood, neurological, and immune system responses.

Cannabis plants, like hemp, produce CBD within the plant that can connect to the ECS receptors to help promote the normal regulation of these functions. In other words, CBD provides the endocannabinoid system with additional compounds it uses to carry out functions that help calm the body, maintain normal digestion, improve mobility, and more.

CBD capsules and hemp oil for cats can help support and maintain their overall quality of life simply and easily. That’s why we have made it our mission to create high-quality cannabis supplements to help maintain your pet’s optimal health.

 

How much CBD do I give my cat?

CBD is known to have the quickest and strongest effect when administered in the presence of other compounds (called the entourage effect) and before or after eating meals. That is why Canna Companion’s CBD supplements for cats include a balanced combination of CBD to THC – to optimize the entourage effect.

Ultimately, the ‘proper’ amount of CBD for your cats will depend on the brand and product you use. For instance, Canna Companion has developed our products based on weight. Our veterinarians used their expertise to determine what quantity is needed to support the ECS in cats. In other words, our labeled recommendations for administering supplements are the best place to start to understand how your four-legged friend will respond to pet CBD.

Additionally, product form is important. For example, feline CBD oil is not a product that produces immediate results. Instead, these supplements encourage your cat’s body to respond in a helpful way within a week or two.

If you have any questions or concerns about CBD dosage for your cat, Canna Companion offers free consultations with our licensed veterinarians.

How to Introduce CBD to Your Pets

According to the 2019-2020 National Pet Owners Survey conducted by the American Pet Products Association (APPA), 67% of U.S. households, or about 85 million families, own a pet. From cats and dogs to birds and horses, we know that your pet is part of your family – and you would do anything to keep them healthy and happy. 

As more and more families consider plant-based remedies for their pet worries, CBD has come to the forefront of the race. While CBD product research is limited on the veterinarian front compared to available human studies, many have used CBD products for pets to support a healthier lifestyle.

The question that remains is: 

How do I safely introduce CBD to my pets?

Pets can be more sensitive to cannabis compared to humans. Knowing precisely how much CBD you are giving your pet is important when determining their supplement schedule so you can avoid overdosing your four-legged friend. 

The amount of CBD you give your pet should be based on the species (i.e. cat vs dog) and size of your pet. Dogs metabolize plant-based compounds faster than cats, and generally need administration twice a day for capsules and three times daily-administration for oils. Cats typically take CBD capsules once daily and oils two times a day. Do also keep in mind that sometimes, sensitive pets are able to take less while realizing the same benefits as others. 

Will CBD get my pet high?

Cannabidiol found in cannabis pet supplements is typically sourced from hemp, which is a variation of the cannabis plant. Hemp naturally contains extremely low concentrations of THC, which is the main psychoactive compound found in cannabis products that produce a ‘high’. 

In other words, no. CBD supplements are non-psychoactive and therefore may be used on pets.

How much CBD do I give my pet?

Recommended CBD administration guidelines tend to vary slightly as you switch products, as pet CBD products are manufactured differently from brand to brand. This is because CBD is known to have the quickest and strongest effect when administered in the presence of other compounds (called the entourage effect). Therefore CBD-only products versus products that balance CBD:THC also have different administration recommendations. It will also depend heavily on your pet’s weight and the way their body functions. 

For instance, Canna Companion has accommodated special requests for a number of animals beyond the typical household pets, such as birds, skunks, alligators, etc. The recommended amounts for these animals need to be modified and monitored to promote better overall health. 

That is why Canna Companion’s licensed veterinarians custom-developed our products via bracketing methodology. We analyzed thousands of patients to observe a distinct pattern corresponding largely to weight. Using this data, we designed our product administration recommendations for both our capsule line and hemp oil products. This means that using our guidelines, you will gain a solid understanding of where to begin CBD administration for your pet. 

CBD products for your pets’ specific needs

Canna Companion intentionally created a living database of exploration in this area to confirm our veterinarian expertise. Therefore, our products are created with your pets’ specific needs in mind, which is why many veterinarians and pet parents around the country use our products. 

If you have any questions or concerns about CBD administration for your pet, Canna Companion offers free consultations with our licensed veterinarians.

Lilies and Cats

 

Please note a faux lily plant was used for this photograph.

The beginning of Spring just arrived and with it comes a significant hazard for our feline friends: Lilies. While there are plenty of plants which are toxic to cats, we often find that many people are unaware lilies are among them. Beyond that, they don’t just cause simple GI upset like some plants might. Lilies can be deadly to cats.

It is important to know that, for the purposes of this, we are discussing specifically the members of the Lilium family. There are many plants which are called lily without falling into that classification. Some of these, such as the peace lily or calla lily, are still toxic but usually with less severe effects often limited to drooling & GI upset. Others, such as the canna lily or plantain lily (hosta), are non-toxic. 

Pictured below: Lilium (true lily), Peace lily, Calla lily, Canna lily & Plantain lily.

 

Ingestion of true lilies can cause renal failure in a cat and even result in death; as little as a few grains of pollen have been seen to cause this effect. For many plants, we know the toxic compounds that cause whatever the resulting symptoms are. With lilies, however, the specific substance is unknown. Additionally, many plants only produce toxins in specific parts of the plant; true lilies produce their toxic principle in all parts, from the roots and bulbs to the petals and leaves. This is true even in minuscule amounts. 

Example of true lily belonging to genus Lilium. Not safe for cats.

Should your cat get into true lilies, it is important that you contact your veterinarian or local emergency veterinary hospital and get your pet treated immediately. Lily ingestion is absolutely an emergency and should be treated as such; do not wait until the next morning. If aggressive IV fluids are administered within a few hours of ingestion, the kidneys can sometimes be spared. The combination of an extremely low toxic “dose” and the severity of the resultant toxicity mean that we always advise not having lilies in any household where there are cats, including those which are less or non-toxic.

 

That’s the best way to keep your feline friends safe.

Tips to Keep Your Pet Safe During Football Parties

The biggest football game of the year is approaching quickly and perhaps you, like many others are hosting a party to watch the big game. You may be looking forward to friends, food, drinks and football, but your dog, cat or parrot may have a very different perspective when it comes to the festivities. New people, noises and smells can be very exciting, but for some it’s  overwhelming. Pet parents need to be aware there are a few things about a sports event party that are downright dangerous for our pets. Here are a few tips from Canna Companion that will help your pet during the big game.

 

Cheering and Shouting Plus Pets Don’t Mix – You and your friends love cheering for your team loudly and enthusiastically. Keep in mind that this out of the ordinary sound level and intensity might result in your pet becoming over stressed. Situational anxiety is a real thing for our furry and feathered friends, and it can be scary for your pet and even dangerous for your guests. Some pets might try to hide in or under something, pace, hypersalivate (drool) or in extreme situations try to escape the house unsafely or engage in other harmful behaviors. They may act fearfully, bark, or snap at strangers who try to approach.

The best thing to help your dog through these types of situational anxiety triggers is to be prepared in advance. There are a number of supplements offered by Canna Companion that have a calming effect on the mind when situational anxieties arise. One tip that is assured to help them remain calmer: let your pet have their own space, behind closed doors, with plenty of comforting bedding. Leave soft music on to help distract them from party goer cheers. 

 

Sporting Event Snack Foods Should be Kept Out of Reach – Some of the common appetizers at a sports event party are potentially dangerous for dogs. If your pet happens to be social, they may prefer to hang with the crowd. However, make sure to keep food off lowered tables and out of your dog’s reach. Advise your guests not to feed your pet, no matter how cute they are or funny things they say.

  •  Chicken wings have harmful bones that can splinter and wreak havoc on a dog or cat’s intestinal tract or get stuck in the throat, causing them to choke. 
  • Onions, garlic, and chives can cause upset digestive systems and damage red blood cells, especially  in cats. Make sure dips are out of reach or kept in covered containers.
  • Salt found on chips and pretzels causes excessive urination and thirst. Most of these snacks are also carbohydrate heavy and inappropriate for dogs and cats
  • Dark chocolate is especially toxic and can cause GI upset and restlessness and death in severe cases.
  • Cheese and other dairy products can lead to upset stomach and diarrhea, as most pets lack the enzymes to break down lactose. If you offer any diary treats, limit it to 1 per party and make the portion size small (~1 tsp).

 

Watch the Alcohol and Caffeine – Alcohol is toxic for pets. It can cause any number of problems including vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, tremors, loss of coordination, abnormal blood acidity, coma, or even death. Caffeine from soda, iced tea, or coffee can be just as bad. It can lead to abnormal heart rhythms, seizure, or death. Keep the drinks in hand and away from all pets, and if your dog, cat or bird likes to investigate “empty” cups, best to leave them in their own room until after the party.

 

Secure Your Trash –  It might make sense to leave a trash bin in an open space so your guests can find it quickly, but if your guests can get to it easily, so can your pet. Getting at the paper plates or plastic cups that have no food on them can cause indigestion, choking or obstruction in the gastrointestinal tract. This can lead to an emergency veterinary visit. So, it’s best to keep the garbage in a secure place and out of reach of your pet. If you do leave the trash can out, make sure it’s a secure one even the craftiest critter cannot get into.

 

Watch Out for Clumsy Drinkers – There’s nothing wrong with having a few adult beverages. It’s a party, after all. But people who have had a few drinks tend to be a little more touchy-feely, especially if there’s a cute pet running around. The lack of coordination and reduction in motor skills can also lead people to be clumsy, and they might not be able to react in time if a dog suddenly appears in their path. Tripping, stumbling party guests can lead to injuries for pets and humans alike.

Keep an eye on your pets. If your pets seem to be having difficulty settling down or are trying to eat foods available, it may be best to secure them in a different room or kennel, if that is a known safe place for your pet. Contact us for additional tips so you and your friends can enjoy the game, and your pets enjoy some R&R. 

 

First Aid Tips for Cats

We always hope that we won’t face an emergency, but it isn’t something that can ever be guaranteed. In the event that we do, though, a little first aid knowledge can go a long way. It is especially important during times where there is a lot of change, such as the holiday season. There are numerous threats that our feline friends face during this time such as potentially toxic decorative plants, ribbons and other gift wrap, bones from a holiday meal, and burns from candles or Christmas lights.  (Quick tip: keep your cat away from packaging until all ribbons are thrown away in a cat-proof trash bin; bones should go in there too before letting your cat enjoy the festivities.)

The best thing we can do to protect our feline friends in these circumstances is to be prepared

  1. Make sure you always have the number for your regular veterinarian and for the closest emergency vet clinic posted in an easy to find place, as well as affixed to your cat’s carrier.  Consider making this a laminated card or luggage tag, which includes hospital name, regular doctor’s name, hospital phone number and physical & website addresses. On the other side, have your cat’s information: name, age or date of birth, breed, sex, known conditions or special handling needs, and medication/supplement list.   
  2. The Red Cross offers an app which provides first aid information which you can download here. This app provides quick access to first aid information for your cat. 
  3. Have an emergency kit ready to go, and keep it next to your cat’s carrier.  Be sure to include food, water, and other items that they would need in the event that you had to evacuate.  

What to Include in Your Cat’s ER Kit

In addition to medical information, have a minimum of 3 days worth of basic supplies: collapsible food & water dishes, favorite food & treats, unopened bottle of water, security items (soft blanket, toys, catnip), pee pads (accidents happen!) and cat litter box (plus litter).  If your cat eats raw food, always have an unopened package in the freezer which you can quickly grab and place in its own insulated container.  Having a few cans of high quality cat food or favorite freeze dried raw food mix may also be a good idea.

Include a list of what symptoms might indicate ingestion of a commonly found toxic substances like mistletoe, lilies, acetaminophen, and antifreeze.  A cat who has eaten something toxic may exhibit signs such as lethargy, drooling, tremors, vomiting, dilated pupils, and more. Contact your veterinarian or local veterinary emergency hospital immediately in the event that you think they might have ingested a toxin. If you are able, inform them what was consumed, when it was eaten and how much you think they ingested. They may advise you on how to induce vomiting or they may recommend you come straight to the veterinary hospital, depending on how far your pet’s symptoms have advanced.

In a smaller, labeled, container within your kit, include items like medications, supplements, rescue therapies, non-stick bandages, nitrile gloves, and an unopened bottle of artificial tears (great for flushing out eyes and wounds).  Talk with your veterinarian regarding which medications should be on hand for your cat’s specific needs. For older cats, this may include supplies for fluid therapy, preventatives for feline herpes viral flares, and additional support for older joints.  

Multipurpose Supplements 

  • Honey: in the event that your cat experiences a burn, it is important to note what burned them (candle, stove burner, electric cord) and get them veterinary care as soon as possible.  That said, there are a number of steps that one may take on their own first, particularly with thermal burns. It is vital to remember to cool them slowly, as doing so too quickly can cause shock.You can run cool water over the burn or use covered cool compresses.  Never apply cold compresses or ice without wrapping in a towel first. If possible, shave the fur around the burn so it’s easier to treat and monitor progress.  (This may be easier done at the vet’s office after pain medications are administered.) If the wound is not too painful, clean with warm soapy water, pat dry and apply Manuka honey.  Honey has been used for thousands of years in wound care and is safe for cats.  Make sure to cover the burn with a moist cloth when you are transporting your cat to the veterinarian, to keep the area clean and cool.
  • Hemp supplement: the stress of holidays, people coming over or having to travel can be lessened with calming supplements like hemp derived CBD. When supported the endocannabinoid system (ECS) excels at managing temporary stressors.  Your cat’s ECS is in high gear during these times and giving a dose of hemp oil 2-3 times daily should help him feel calmer. If your cat is already taking capsules, you may need to increase the dose or give hemp oil in addition to his maintenance support.  Contact us if you have any questions; we’re happy to help you with your cat’s individual needs. 
  • Essential oil blend or kit: yes, essential oils can be used safely in cats, helping providing another layer of immune system support (for wounds) and calming effect (for anxiety), among other health benefits.  Make sure to choose oil brand which source and extract responsibly. A drop of lavender oil around wounds can assist in microbial control, while blends containing chamomile provide soothing effects.   If you want to learn more, these resources can get you on the right track: First Aid with Veterinary Medical Aromatherapy (great to have in your first aid kit) and Animal Desk Reference II (very detailed).
  • TCVM or other herbal blend supplements: if your cat already takes such supplements, be sure to pack them in the kit.  If not, contact your holistic or integrative veterinarian and ask which first aid herbal blends they recommend. American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association’s Find a Vet function can help you find a holistic practitioner in your area.  

 

Traveling with Your Cat

Traveling with your feline friend, whether going to the veterinarian or visiting friends or family, can be stressful. It is safest to have them in a kennel or carrier, with soft bedding or a pad to lay on.  Ideally the kennel should be seatbelted in the back seat (like you would a child’s car seat) and many kennels and carriers have a place to secure the seat belt. It is not safe to have your cat roaming freely in your vehicle while you are driving. Your cat could become frightened and dart under the brake pedal or accelerator, possibly causing an accident. In addition, having a free roaming the vehicle is a dangerous distraction. Experienced feline travelers can wear a harness or seat belt harness. It is a good idea to make sure the lead or leash is short enough that if you have to stop, your kitty will remain in the seat.  

Make sure your destination is either cat friendly like these hotels, or that you’ve spoken with your host about your cat’s needs.  In general, keep your cat in the room in which you’ll sleep. Set the room as best as possible to a layout similar to one at home — anything which is familiar will greatly reduce your cat’s stress.  Most of these security items can be included in your ER kit. In addition to providing familiar smells, keeping your cat in one room gives her a place to hide from curious children and pets … and from bolting in an unfamiliar environment.  Just in case, have your cat microchipped prior to travel if this wasn’t done earlier in life.   

Please seek veterinary care as soon as possible following any use of first aid.  They can guide you on next steps and place the whole incident in your cat’s medical records. Take notes regarding what therapies were provided and when they were administered.  This will ensure that your feline friend receives the best care and is able to recover with less risk of additional complications. Emergencies and accidents may be unavoidable, but you can help your cat get through such tough times with a little knowledge and preparedness.

Winter Garden Concerns

Many people don’t think of winter as a time for gardening, but there is plenty of yard work that gets done and plenty of plants that grow well or get planted during those months. A number of these can be hazardous to your pets and it’s important to be sure that you’re checking what they have access to. Additionally, people have a lot of holiday related plants in their homes at this time of year, and there are concerns among those as well.

 

Outdoor Winter Plants

The most common things people grow in a winter vegetable garden are leafy greens and plants in the allium family.  Most greens are safe or will cause, at most, mild GI upset.  Allium family plants, like onions, shallots, garlic, and leeks, are toxic and should be kept out of reach of both dogs and cats. Here are three leafy favorites dogs and cats can both commune with: spinach, lettuce & parsley.  

Flowering plants can also post a problem.  Hellebores are lovely and commonly found in bloom during winter, though pets should not have access to them.  Other winter bloomers to look out for include aconite (monkshood), clematis, and boxwood.  Aconitine is an alkaloid found within monkshood roots, and quite common as Chinese medical ingredient, though is only used after specific processing designed to minimize to toxic principle.  Lastly, the bulbs of showy bloomers are often planted this time of year, and there are a number we need to keep diggers away from:  iris, crocus, daffodils, and snowdrops. These are only toxic when ingested, and can cause a wide variety of ailments from mild (drooling and vomiting) to severe (seizures and death), so consider pet proofing bulb garden beds.  

 

Indoor Winter Plants

If you are growing in a greenhouse, keep in mind some of the most popular tasty treats for humans, like tomatoes , have toxic principles in their leaves and are best kept away from your pets. Instead, grow pet friendly herbs like catnip, basil, cilantro, rosemary (consider avoiding if you have a pet with seizures), and lavender.  Or keep it simple and grow whatever you like, just keep the door locked so curious paws cannot gain entry.  


Decorative and seasonal gift plants typically contain some form of toxic principle.   As previously mentioned, daffodils and amaryllis are toxic, though unlikely to cause serious harm. However, lilies can be found in many houses at Christmas and even a tiny amount can be deadly to a cat. Poinsettia generally causes mild GI upset, but holly and mistletoe are both far more dangerous, so hang the mistletoe with care and leave holly berries outside and away from pets.  

And then, of course, we have the beloved Christmas tree.  Fallen needles pose at best an oral irritant, and at worst a trip to the doctor for emergency surgery as needles can perforate the intestines.  Vacuum regularly or consider a medium sized artificial tree

In addition to the needles, live trees need water which is toxic, so consider this tip if your family owns a tree farm: 

  • Cut a slit into the middle of a plastic lid large enough to cover the opening; 
  • Cut out a circle in the middle of the lid about the size of the tree trunk;
  • Slip this around the tree trunk and lower it so it covers the water container. 
  • You may have to tape it down to keep the pets out.

 


Make sure you are familiar with your closest emergency vet, just in case, and if your cat ingests any part of a lily, please go immediately. If your pet gets into any of the other above plants, bulbs, or vegetables, please call your veterinarian for further advice.  It is generally best to keep all indoor plant decor in areas that pets cannot access, or make sure you grow a pet friendly garden you all can enjoy.

First Aid Tips for Dogs

 

First Aid is important knowledge for any pet parent to have. It is particularly critical during times where there is a lot going on, such as the holiday season. There are numerous changes to routines animals face during this time: out of town guests, travel, inclimate weather, and more. Any of these can pose a threat to their well-being and emotional state, whether it is via food they shouldn’t eat, stress from air travel, or a paw sliced open on ice. 

The best thing we can do to protect our canine companions in these circumstances is to be prepared. There are really only two steps to canine first aid preparedness: know the basics & consider additional circumstances.  The basics are pretty easy, if a bit detailed.  

 

Medical Information

Have the contact information for your regular veterinarian and for the closest emergency vet clinic posted in an easy to find place, and placed in an outer pocket or luggage tag in your dog’s first aid kit.  Include hospital name, regular doctor’s name, phone number, and physical & website addresses. On the other side of this paper, have your dog’s information.  Be specific and include name, age or date of birth, breed, sex, known conditions or special handling needs, and medication/supplement list.  It’s also a good idea to download the Red Cross’s app, so you have quick access to first aid information for your dog.  

 

First Aid Kit

The main portion of first aid kit should contain a minimum of 3 days worth of basic supplies: collapsible food & water dishes, food & favorite treats, unopened bottle of water, and security item(s) like favorite blanket or toy.  For you preppers, check out doggie bug out bags; you can buy one ready-made though it’s ideal to tailor one for your dog’s specific needs.  

Packed and labeled in a smaller container, include items like medications, supplements, rescue therapies, unopened bottle of artificial tears or small bottle of unopened contact lens solution (both great for gently washing debris from eyes and wounds).  Some medications may harm your dog if stopped without tapering. Examples include anti-seizure, anti-anxiety, and GI or immune-modulation medications. Drugs like antibiotics, antacids, and prescription eye/ear medications should also be in the first aid kit, but a missed dose is unlikely to cause serious problems.  

 

Good supplements to have are those which serve multiple purposes so you don’t have to pack a ton of them.  Here are our favorites and why; remember to pick ones you know historically help you dog, and change them up as her health care needs change.

  • Hemp supplement: the endocannabinoid (ECS) excels at helping manage temporary stressors.  When your dog has need of first aid, her ECS is in high gear and will happily utilize compounds from hemp products.  This is one case where hemp oil is preferred as it absorbs quickly and repeat administration is easy; if your dog is already taking capsules, it is okay to administer hemp oil on top of her normal regimen.  
  • Essential oil blend or kit: terpenes found in many essential oils, like lavender oil, can be quite helpful in calming your dog and assisting her immune system in wound management.  You can place a drop on her collar or bedding for aromatherapy, and around the edges of a wound for immune system support. Warning! Make sure you choose essential oil brands which source responsibly and extract safely.  Here are some resources if you want to learn more: First Aid with Veterinary Medical Aromatherapy (great to have in a first aid kit) and Animal Desk Reference II (very detailed). 
  • TCVM or other herbal blend supplements: if your dog takes such supplements, make sure to pack them.  Contact your holistic or integrative doctor regarding any first aid herbal blends they recommend and have those on hand too. If your dog isn’t seeing an integrative doctor yet, the AHVMA is a place to start the search.     

 

Lastly, and also in a separate labeled container, have all wound care products, including nitrile gloves for you.  Your dog’s veterinarian may have a list of recommended items, or you can create your own. If you make your own, pack just enough to protect open wounds until you reach the nearest emergency veterinary hospital.  Items to consider: no stick pads, cling gauze, and paper tape. You may need someone to assist you during the wound cleaning process, as your dog may be in pain and can lash out.  

The basics of first aid wound care are thankfully simple.  With gloved hands, remove any loose large pieces of debris.  Next, rinse the area with contact lens solution, then apply anything your veterinarian recommends as directed, or lavender essential oil around the wound.  Start with the no stick pad placed over the wound, then bandage as shown here .  For non-limb wounds, you may need to hold a few no-stick pads in place if paper tape is too loose, or fit your dog with a snug (but not too tight!) T-shirt over the bandage.  Remember, your aim is to protect the lesion until you can get to a veterinary hospital.  

 

 

Now, let’s consider additional circumstances, where things like travel, guests and weather come into play.  If you’re traveling, look up nearby emergency veterinary hospitals and add them to the medical professional contact list.  Similarly, prepare for seasonal weather changes specific to the region in which you’ll be traveling. Always be sure that it is warm enough if you are taking your dog out for a walk. Cold winter weather comes with risk of hypothermia, frostbite, and wounds to paw pads among other things. You can help protect against these things by ensuring that your dog has a sweater or jacket if they are a short-haired breed, or one without in insulating double coat if thicker coated. Numerous companies sell booties or other paw pad protectors specially designed for snow and ice. 

Should your dog get too cold (body temperature is below 98.5° via rectal thermometer) or if you find a dog out in the cold weather, the key is to rewarm slowly. First, wrap them in a wool or fleece blanket or equivalent (hoodies work for small dogs), and then place heat packs or water bottles near them. Make sure these items, too, are wrapped in towels to protect from rewarming too quickly or burning their skin. And make sure to get your dog veterinary care as soon as possible.

Of course veterinary care should always follow first aid. Whenever possible, take notes on any care that was provided so you are able to inform your veterinarian of what treatment has been offered. While accidents cannot always be prevented, a little knowledge goes a long way toward keeping our pets safe and healthy.

Thanksgiving Food Safety for Your Pets

As we approach another food-focused holiday, especially one where friends and family are about, it’s important to make sure everyone knows what is and what is not safe for the furry friends who will inevitably be about the table.  While most of the concerns do center around the foods available, there are also concerns of comfort any time there is a major event. 

If you do have many people coming and going, it’s a good idea to make sure you have a space set up where your pets feel comfortable relaxing. Preferably, this will be somewhere that will keep them away from the door while people are coming and going, so you don’t need to worry about any escapees.  If your pet is anxious with a houseful of friends and family, Canna Companion may help alleviate situational anxieties.  And when things move on to the main event, keep in mind the following restrictions, being sure to let your guests know as well.

 

Prohibited Foods

High fat foods: as many Thanksgiving items are, high fat meals can cause numerous problems for pets, especially pancreatitis and GI upset.   Make sure you don’t give them any turkey skin or gravy from the table. If you cook with a lot of butter, keep that in mind when offering tasty treats. 

Bones: be sure to keep bones away from your pets as they’re a serious choking hazard and can even perforate intestines, especially when cooked. 

Onions: onions can garlic can be problematic as well, so no green bean casserole or stuffing either. 

Alcohol: a lot of people go through a fair amount of alcohol in their cooking or on their table, and this all definitely needs to be kept from the four-legged members of the family.

Chocolate: dark chocolate is bad enough on its own, but now with so many people trying low carb diets, it’s even more crucial to keep pets away from all sweets, as many may contain xylitol.

Other hazards:  fruit and spices like raisins and nutmeg often appear at the dinner table and are best left for human consumption.

Healthy Foods
If you’d like to include your dog or cat in the tradition, consider making them their own plate.  Some will want to dine alone in a quiet spot, while others will think having their own place on the dining room floor is just dandy.  (Just don’t let them beg for additional items once their meal is finished.)  

The following items are good options (skip the seasoning as its too salty for pets):

  • White meat turkey, cooked or raw, deboned, deskinned
  • Sweet potatoes, cooked
  • Green beans, cooked
  • Carrots, cooked or raw
  • Pumpkin, cooked
  • Gravy made especially for them

 

Additionally, make sure to be wary of pets moving through the kitchen while cooking as they can serve as fine tripping hazards.  With all these things in mind, you can have a very happy Thanksgiving for yourself and all your friends and family, furry or otherwise.