Cannabis science articles detailing phytocannabinoids, terpenoids, and the endocannabinoid system.

ECS Series: Neurological System

When CBD first became the buzz word, many had never heard of an endocannabinoid system (ECS), let alone how important it is for the normal development of the nervous system. And while the medical community has learned volumes regarding exactly how the ECS interacts with and modulates neurological tissues, passing that complex information to pet parents … well, it’s left folks scratching their heads. Today we’re going to simplify things so you have an understanding of just how important a healthy endocannabinoid system is to the well-being of your pet’s nervous system. 

Let’s start with what makes up a nervous system in cats and dogs. Hint: it’s the same cells, tissues, and organs which make up the nervous system in humans … just like the ECS. The nervous system is made up of two main parts based on location: central and peripheral. The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system (PNS) encompasses all other parts of the body. 

Image from FourLeg.com

 

Central Nervous System

The brain has three main sections, each with its own special functions but not isolated from others. Cerebral tissues govern conscious decisions; the brainstem hosts nerve centers which oversee most of the critical life functions; and cerebellar input controls movement and balance. 

Within the cerebrum, nerve cells (neurons) transmit information via action potentials – electrical impulses which must meet a certain milli voltage threshold before messages jump to the next cell. Signalling for action potentials, whether initiation or cessation, is performed by neurotransmitters like endocannabinoids. If too low, no information is passed at all or is rerouted to nearby neurons which are capable of continuing the action potential. This happens all the time as part normal neurological functions. It can also occur after traumatic injuries, stroke, and other serious neurological imbalances. Sometimes those same imbalances can cause an action potential to be too high or continue too long, contributing to imbalances like seizures, insomnia and anxiety (runaway thoughts especially). 

The brainstem controls the flow of messages between the brain and the rest of the body. Bodily functions like breathing, swallowing, heart rate, blood pressure, and whether one is awake or sleepy. No, cats do not have a more developed brainstem which tells them to sleep 24/7; that’s their prey drive telling them to save as much energy as possible. When hunting, cats usually miss their targeted meal 7/10 times … that’s a lot of energy use and sleeping helps their body remain ever ready for an opportunistic chance to pounce. When balanced, the brainstem functions normally in the background, a part of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Thankfully, imbalances are not common as they are often life-threatening. 

Cerebellar functions are markedly pronounced in cats when compared to dogs and humans. This is why they often land easily on their feet after catching birds, an adaptation that increases their chance of survival both from a meal perspective and in escaping injuries. It’s not foolproof and gravity affects us all when 10 stories high, so consider screening in balconies for safe outside time. When balanced, the cerebellum allows dogs and cats to navigate the world with more agility and us mere humans. When unbalanced, conditions like cerebellar hypoplasia occur, a congenital malformation in kittens whose mothers contracted certain viruses while pregnant. Despite the condition being permanent, CH cats often have very healthy long lives … and are adorable in their awkward playing

Frederico happily posing for the camera.

 

Spinal cord functions can best be described as a multilevel highway whereby certain information is transmitted in different anatomical locations. Like the brain, the spinal cord contains both white & gray matter, though the white matter of spinal cords is peripheral, whereas the brain’s white matter is centrally located. This makes sense when we consider white matter contains relatively few cell bodies and is composed mostly of long-range myelinated axons, a type of neuron which can speed electrical information across relatively long distances. 

In the spinal cord, peripheral white matter neurons are responsible for proprioception, the ability for dogs and cats to place their feet without conscious thought. Try this: with your dog standing quietly on solid ground, gently lift a front paw and place it furred sided down. Your dog will immediately turn it over so that his pads are ground-facing. A little deeper into the spinal cord’s white matter we find motor skill neuronal transmission. Simply put, information on this level allows your cat to make those amazing leaps straight up to catch birds, bugs and feather toys. The next level allows the body to recognize and respond to mild sensory stimuli, allowing dogs and cats to avoid thorny ground and similar pinprick like sensations.The deepest layer of spinal cord white matter transmits deep pain, that which really hurts, like traumatic injuries or severe soft tissue damage. Centrally located, spinal cord gray matter is the workhorse, transmitting all kinds of data between the body and brain.

From Today’s Veterinary Practice

Peripheral Nervous System

Neurons found within the PNS transmit both sensory and motor input, much like neurons do in the CNS. In this case, motor information directs muscle movement in tissues like the heart, intestines and skeletal muscles. Sensory input helps determine things like when to stop eating (stretch receptors in the stomach), when to use the litter box (stretch receptors within the bladder), and when to roll over during solar charging (temperature sensors within the skin). While it’s the CNS which tells the body to perform these tasks, it is the PNS which informs the brain of the stimuli, and the spinal cord which carries the information. The PNS is highly flexible and imbalance in any one area can often be compensated for elsewhere. For example, if your dog sustained an injury which severed a peripheral nerve in his paw, he may have areas of insensitivity … but nearby sensory and motor nerves are likely to take over allowing for a normal gait. 

 

Endocannabinoid-Neurological System

No, there’s not actually a system named that but the integration is so deep that it might as well be called such. Endocannabinoids and their plant-based counterparts (phytocannabinoids) like CBD, function as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, and immunomodulators. In addition, the entire ECS integrates with a variety of other receptor systems, modulating their functions in order to maintain healthful homeostasis. Other neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, glutamate & gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are directly or indirectly modulated by the ECS. While this process is complex, the effects can be simplistic and drastic. 

 

Via influx of compounds like CBD & THC, cannabis receptors are able to calm action potentials attributed to imbalances within any tissue containing neurons. In other words, all tissues within the body are modulated by the ECS. This means a healthy, well-supported ECS is able to quickly cause peripheral vasodilation, bronchodilation and release of compounds which are soothing, all during times of anxiety. In addition, balanced cannabis receptors are vital in helping the brain’s action potentials remain healthy, working with the body when action potentials become too great. In order to help them remain balanced, supplementation with ratioed hemp supplementation is important as CBD only products only address a part of the complex system. 

I know we’ve covered a lot today, but I hope you are left with a better understanding of the nervous system and how the ECS supports its normal functions. Furthermore, providing the ECS with balanced compounds it can use wherever chemical messengers signal, can help your pet remain in top shape for years to come. We’ll see you next time when we discuss the ECS and behavioral responses. 

 

ECS Series: Joint Support

When it comes to the health of your pets, you want them to have the best food, medical care, toys, bed, treats, supplements … the best, period. We believe the only way for you to determine what exactly is ‘the best’ is through education. How can you choose from all the products on the market; which one is best for your beloved furry friend?

These questions are especially true when considering hemp supplements. In an exploding market during uncertain times, everyone seems to have an opinion, but those opinions, while well intended, may not be rooted in fact. In our Endocannabinoid System series, we’ll provide the facts about how hemp can support the body in a variety of ways, beginning with the system’s normal functions and how that relates to mobility during injury (short term support) and the normal aging process (long term support). 

The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

By now you’ve probably heard cats and dogs, like humans, have a receptor system which responds to cannabis administration, called the endocannabinoid system. That response can be positive (reduced anxiety during times of high stress) or negative (overdose of single compounds like CBD and THC), and the difference is sometimes a complex thing incorporating individual response, relationships between compounds, health status, route of administration, dose of compounds, and more. But at its core, the ECS is a simplistic receptor system whose sole purpose is to maintain healthful homeostasis within the body.  

Researchers have known for some time the ECS is integral to normal development of nervous tissues from embryo to adulthood, and it performs such actions via DNA-directed chemical release at key times during cell differentiation, division and migration. In short, genes signal protein development within cells, essentially waiving chemical ‘flags’ in front of cannabis receptors to get their attention. Depending on the type of flag being waived, the cannabis receptor responds in a number of ways, all with the express goal of normalising that one cell. Applied all over the body, the ECS helps the body develop a normally functioning nervous system, including nerves which integrate with muscles, ligaments, tendons, and joint tissues. 

 

The Normal Joint

Joints develop during embryonic stages and continue until physical maturity, about 2 yrs of age for most cats and dogs. The structure of joints is made up of a variety of tissues including bone, cartilage, joint fluid, ligaments, tendons, and the connective and muscular tissues surrounding them. Each tissue has specific uses and limitations. For example, ligaments are designed to be somewhat flexible for normal range of motion, but are limited in that capacity so they can support the heavy bones on either side of the joint capsule. Inside the protective joint capsule are compounds (synovia) and tissues (cartilage) which provide lubrication for normal range of motion. Via the same chemical messaging system as above, the ECS helps direct and is directed by the cells within these tissues so that joints grow and develop normally, including changes found in healthy senior dogs and cats. 

The Normal Senior Joint

Nothing can stop the aging process, but having an understanding of what’s going on can allow you to better support your pets’ aging joints, allowing your older cat or dog to maintain healthy range of motion during all stages of life. Normal daily activities, which differ greatly among species, place stress on all aspects of the joint. Twisting motions of chasing agile prey (toys) test the limits of ligament flexibility, and jumping onto / off of surfaces places significant impact on bones, cartilage and joint fluid. Over time, and as genes are less able to instruct bodily repairs, ligaments become less flexible, cartilage thins and joint fluid lessens, making the joint overall less mobile. Does this mean no more feather toys for your small lioness or that you should forgo agility classes for your Border Collie? Definitely not! The benefits of gentle and sustained exercise over a lifetime far outweigh any negative impacts on aging joints; this is especially true when combined with a healthy diet and ideal body condition score

 

The ECS & Normal Aging Joints

Let’s recap what we’ve learned today: the ECS is vital to normal development; the ECS responds to the body via chemical signals; normal joints have tissues supporting flexibility and strength; and older joints have less flexibility and less cushioning ability during impact. In order to respond to the body’s ever-changing needs, the ECS must remain highly adaptable and has developed the ability to make and activate receptors within a short period of time (< 72 hr in most cases). Up/down regulation is not a new concept in veterinary medicine as many receptor systems do this. However, what is especially adaptive regarding the ECS is its ability to up and down regulate using both internal signaling and externally administered compounds. 

We know there are cannabis receptors within joint tissues, not just from current research, but from a developmental perspective as well. Because the ECS is required for normal nervous tissue, and nerves integrate with other tissues like bones, ligaments, muscles, and tendons, there must be cannabis receptors within those tissues. Receptors listen and respond to chemical signaling from cells found within and around joints, helping it maintain normal flexion and extension motions. Whenever an imbalance is found within the joint, like a temporary knee sprain, the ECS will upregulate receptors until balance is restored, then downregulate so it doesn’t waste resources. Long term, however, the ECS simply cannot keep up with upregulation signals without external support. 

It’s all about balance.

Supplements providing multiple compounds from which the ECS can choose, are often more beneficial than single only ones. This is due to the complex nature of the ECS and how it serves as a homeostatic receptor system in the body. Simply put, its job is to maintain balance, and it cannot do so unless it too is balanced. In this case, cannabis receptors appear balanced when the primary endocannabinoids (anandamide & 2-AG) or their external phytocannabinoid counterparts (THC & CBD), are also in balance.  Currently it appears ratios of 1:1 – 10:1 provide the ECS with compounds which allow maintenance of normal functions without unbalancing itself. Furthermore, because we want to avoid dysphoria (“high” from THC) and liver value elevation (from excess CBD), ratios CBD:THC 3:1-7:1 are preferable in cats and dogs. Using small amounts of both compounds also allows for lower doses, lessening the risk of minor adverse effects like mild sedation and soft stool. 

How does this apply to long term ECS support and normal aging joints? If we want to offer the best support possible so that it can better maintain joint homeostasis, we need to provide compounds in ratios and amounts the ECS can use without unbalancing itself. Signaling from normal older joints occurs more frequently and with more “oomph” than in normal adult joints, putting more strain on the ECS internal reserves. Less flexible ligaments send signals indicating a less balanced state and the ECS responds, encouraging more normal joint mobility as a result. The same happens with worn cartilage and the signals it sends out, and with all other joint-related tissues. When you administer a low dose, multicompound, CBD-rich external source of phytocannabinoids, the ECS can more quickly respond to joints, and you can rest assured your beloved senior friend can chase her prey and run his trial in comfort for a bit longer. 

 

We look forward to continuing your ECS education in our next segment: GI Tract and Immune System Support.

The Benefits of Whole Plant Cannabis Products

There are quite a few CBD and hemp-based cannabis products out there which claim to unlock the potential benefits of the endocannabinoid system. Where on earth does a pet parent start? Unfortunately, cats and dogs can’t read labels, so it’s up to you to do the research and make a decision as to what product will best fit your pet’s unique needs.

Because every product is different, it’s crucial to know exactly what you’re giving your pet. At Canna Companion, we’re dedicated to providing high-quality cannabis pet supplements and demystifying the science of hemp. We’re breaking down the differences between single compound and whole plant cannabis products to help you better understand their benefits and decide what’s best for your furry friend.  

Whole Plant Cannabis vs. Single Compound

Both single compound and whole plant cannabis products interact with the endocannabinoid system, which is made up of a network of cannabinoid receptors in the body. Those receptors affect cellular stress and can be stimulated by the administration of cannabis. But the two types of cannabis-based products interact with the endocannabinoid system very differently.

Single Compound

Single compound cannabis products, also referred to as CBD products, contain a cannabinoid and terpenoid profile mostly made up of one compound. This single compound outweighs any benefits that might be conveyed by traces of other substances, leaving CBD products to affect the body exclusively as a single compound formulation. When administered regularly over a prolonged period, single compound products can actually throw off the entire endocannabinoid system, unbalancing things and resulting in less efficient support.

Whole Plant

Despite what the name suggests, “whole plant” doesn’t mean grinding up an entire Cannabis sativa plant and turning it into a pill. The term actually refers to the substantive properties of a cannabis product. While single compound cannabis products have just one compound in their cannabinoid and terpenoid profile, whole plant formulations utilize the entire spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenoids. For this reason, whole plant formulations are also referred to as “full spectrum” products.

At Canna Companion, we use a blend of the stalks and seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant to produce a supplement that includes the full range of cannabinoids and terpenoids. And we rely on the natural makeup of the plant itself to do it! The hemp plant contains a broad chemotypical composition that we make use of through normal harvesting and processing.  

The Entourage Effect

The cannabis plant contains over 500 naturally occurring chemical compounds, including flavonoids, phytocannabinoids, and terpenes. Each of these compounds acts as an important building block in chemical structures, but together, they can work to regulate and maintain a number of physiologic and pathophysiologic processes in pets.

Whole plant formulas produce a phenomenon known as the “entourage effect,” a synergistic relationship between those various compounds of the plant. Most notably, the entourage effect allows pets to enjoy the benefits of cannabis while limiting the negative effects caused by marijuana, which contains a much higher concentration of the psychotropic compound THC.

The Benefits of Whole Plant Cannabis

We believe strongly in the benefits of the entourage effect, so we developed a unique whole plant formula that creates a synergistic relationship between key phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These various compounds work together to effectively unlock the major supportive benefits of the plant, as nature intended!

As a crucial part of its unique formula, Canna Companion contains an optimal ratio of CBD to THC. What that means is that our hemp-based supplement will not get your pet “high.” What they will do is support key bodily functions while minimizing those adverse side effects associated with marijuana.

Here are some of the ways a whole plant hemp supplement like Canna Companion can maintain your pet’s quality of life:

  • Support digestive processes and a healthy GI tract
  • Promote long-term health by supporting and maintaining the immune system
  • Ease joint discomfort stemming from normal daily activity
  • Support healthy neurological function
  • Provide end of life comfort and support overall quality of life as pets age
  • Encourage a calm demeanor, particularly during periods of high stress

Keep Your Pet in Peak Condition

At Canna Companion, we’re passionate about helping you keep your pets happy and healthy—that’s why we use only high-quality ingredients in our formula. Our whole plant products are a wonderful way to introduce cats and dogs to the supportive health benefits of cannabis while minimizing the negative effects caused by marijuana. Contact us today to learn more about how our hemp-based supplements can support your pet, or to schedule a complimentary consultation with a veterinary professional.

Can My Pet OD on Hemp?

If you’re thinking about ordering a hemp-based pet supplement or oil for your beloved canine or feline, you might have some concerns about the risks of these products. After all, despite the potent benefits that pet-friendly cannabis products bring to the table, a high enough concentration of the natural compounds they contain can lead to side effects that inhibit your animal’s ability to enjoy life to the fullest. But what exactly are these effects? How long do they last? And what can you do to prevent these issues from affecting your pet when using a hemp-based oil or supplement?

At Canna Companion, we’re proud to support the health and happiness of dogs and cats across the nation through cannabis science. That’s why we develop a selection of high-quality hemp oils and supplements for pets, including Canna Companion, a unique blend of hemp designed to enhance the supportive benefits of cannabis for dogs and cats while minimizing “high-inducing” concentrations of THC. Our team is also passionate about providing pet parents with all the information they need to understand and take full advantage of cannabis products to ensure optimal health, comfort and care for their four-legged companions. Today, to help you determine whether hemp products are the right choice for your cat or dog, we’ll be discussing hemp overdoses in animals.

How Do Hemp Overdoses Affect Cats and Dogs?

Because hemp contains such a low amount of THC, your pet can’t get “high” off of hemp-based products, regardless of their size, weight or species. Regardless, overdosing on hemp can still cause undesirable effects in your dog or cat. For example, if your pet ingests too much of a hemp product, she may become lethargic and uncoordinated, causing her to stumble around or simply rest until these feelings subside. The length of these adverse symptoms will vary for each pet, but most animals will recover fully from a hemp overdose within a matter of hours. There are no known long-term side effects of overdosing on hemp.

Because all pets respond differently, you may see some adverse side effects even if you administer the recommended dose. Ultimately, the ideal dosage amount comes down to your pet’s individual reaction..

Is Hemp for Pets Worth the Risk?

Thanks to the host of phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found in the cannabis plant, hemp-based pet products are a phenomenal way to provide natural support for the health and balance of your animal’s neurological, physiological, immunological and endocannabinoid systems. Many pet parents will use hemp products to foster optimal immunity and neurological support for their canines and felines, keeping them in peak condition. It’s also worth noting that the natural compounds in cannabis can reduce the joint discomfort associated with normal daily exercise and the natural aging process, making hemp-based oils and supplements a great choice for geriatric or highly active cats and dogs. And while there will always be a small chance that your pet will overdose on these products, there are things you can do to decrease these odds even further.

How Can I Prevent My Pet From Overdosing on Hemp?

Unfortunately, cannabis dosages are largely unregulated and unmeasured. Believe it or not, a majority of products you can buy from dispensaries don’t even specify the exact amounts of THC or CBD in each serving, making it very difficult for pet parents to assess how much of the substance they should give their pet. In most cases, accidental hemp overdoses occur in pets because their caretakers are following inaccurate or unclear administration instructions, causing them to give their pup or kitty too much of a hemp-based supplement or oil. However, pet parents can avoid this issue by investing in a hemp product provider with clear administration guidelines.

Here at Canna Companion, we employ licensed veterinarians to create our administration guidelines and maintain strict quality control for your pet’s health. When you order one of our hemp-based supplements or oils, we provide you with detailed information on how much of that product your pet will need based on his or her specific size, weight and species. Not only does this process severely reduce the chances of your animal overdosing on hemp, but it also ensures that they receive the perfect level of endocannabinoid system support, fostering maximal benefits. That’s why thousands of pet parents across the country trust in Canna Companion products when they’re looking to improve their pet’s quality of life through the incredible supportive effects of hemp.

Contact Canna Companion Today

Interested in learning more about the advantages or risks of hemp for dogs and cats? Then be sure to call or message us! Also, feel free to contact us if you have any questions about Canna Companion or our industry-leading hemp products. We would be more than happy to chat with you and provide any other information or resources you need to take care of your favorite canine or feline.

Cannabis, Marijuana, Hemp—What’s the Difference?

Have you found yourself googling, “What are the different words for cannabis?” or spending too much time researching cannabis vs. hemp, CBD vs. marijuana, or hemp vs. marijuana? There’s a wide range of pet products and supplements out there, with even more misinformation on the substances in those products. Cannabis, hemp, marijuana—isn’t it all the same thing? The short answer is no! But the long answer is a little more complicated. Before delving into the world of cannabis products, it’s important to first understand the differences and overlaps between each of these terms. We’ve broken down the basics of each subject, so you can be better prepared to choose a product that is safe and works for your pet.

Cannabis

Think of this first subject as the umbrella term that ties marijuana and hemp together—because it’s the source of both! Cannabis is a group of flowering plants that includes the species Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. The plants contain hundreds of different naturally occurring chemical compounds, most of which are cannabinoids. You’ve probably heard of at least two of them: CBD and THC.

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid, meaning that it doesn’t cause the feeling of euphoria or being “high.” THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the psychoactive cannabinoid that causes the “high” associated with marijuana use.

Though the term “cannabis” is sometimes used interchangeably with “marijuana” to refer to the medical and recreational drug, this substitution is incorrect on a number of levels. It’s also worth noting that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has not approved marijuana for use in treating dogs or cats. But hang in there—we’ll get to hemp and all its potential benefits for pets soon enough, right after we take a closer look at what makes up marijuana.

Marijuana

Marijuana contains higher concentrations of the psychotropic compound THC, the substance which causes euphoria. Its legality and usage (either recreational or medical) is restricted by state. While medical marijuana is legal in over 20 states, possession of the drug is still illegal in much of the U.S. Recreational marijuana products are also largely unregulated, with unclear dosages and unknown concentrations of cannabinoids. Without proper knowledge of the ratio of THC to CBD in a product, you can’t be sure how much of the substances you’re ingesting or giving to your pet, who is far more sensitive to these compounds.

It’s also illegal for a veterinarian to prescribe marijuana for your pet! Marijuana supplements and other products made from the dried flowers of cannabis plants can be beneficial to humans, but potentially harmful to your cat or dog. Marijuana often contains a much higher concentration of THC than hemp, and the THC and CBD levels in this substance can cause negative side effects in pets, such as low blood pressure, lethargy, and incontinence. In addition to those side effects, the concentration of cannabinoids in marijuana makes it easy to accidentally overdose on the drug. The main takeaway? This is not something you should give to your cat or dog.

Hemp

Hemp, on the other hand, is not marijuana—it’s a different member of the cannabis family, though you may also see it used interchangeably with cannabis. Largely made up of natural compounds called phytocannabinoids, hemp has lower concentrations of CBD, THC, and other non-psychotropic cannabinoids than marijuana. These lowered levels allow pets to reap the benefits of cannabis while minimizing the potentially dangerous side effects of other forms of the plant. And while marijuana is illegal in many U.S. states, hemp is legal in every part of the country.

Even small concentrations of the compounds found in hemp can allow pets to enjoy the supportive benefits of the cannabis plant. The combination of phytocannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids in Canna Companion’s hemp-based pet supplements helps maintain a healthy digestive system, normal immune system, and other natural bodily functions. As with any supplement, you should consult your veterinarian before beginning to give it to your pet. He or she can help you determine whether a hemp-based supplement will meet the unique needs of your cat or dog.

Support Your Pet’s Health with Canna Companion

At Canna Companion, we’re passionate about supporting the health of your pets, and we work towards that goal with our cannabis pet supplements. Specially formulated with a unique blend of Cannabis sativa strains designed to promote comfort, mobility, digestion, and more, our supplements can help your dog or cat live a happy and healthy life. Contact us today to learn more about our offerings or to schedule a consultation with a veterinary professional who can help you figure out if cannabis is right for your pet.

The Endocannabinoid System Explained

If you’ve ever looked into the benefits of cannabis-based supplementation for pets, odds are good that you’ve gotten caught up on some of the complex terminology and jargon surrounding the topic. Most pet parents are already aware their animal’s body contains special cell membrane receptors called cannabinoid receptors, but they still aren’t quite sure how these receptors work. Put simply, cannabinoid receptors are activated by three major groups of ligands: endocannabinoids, phytocannabinoids and synthetic cannabinoids. Cannabis contains a variety of compounds, including phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, and when these compounds are introduced into the body through pet-friendly cannabis supplements, they interact with an animal’s endocannabinoid system (comprised of many cannabinoid receptors), supporting a number of positive effects pertaining to healthy immunity, mobility, neurological function and more. That’s why thousands of pet parents across the nation are investing in cannabis products to support the health and happiness of their beloved cats and dogs.

At Canna Companion, we understand how complicated the world of cannabis science can be. That’s why we’re committed to connecting pet parents with all the resources and counsel they need to gain a comprehensive understanding of cannabis and how it may help foster improved health, comfort and care for companion animals. If you’re considering using hemp-based supplements as part of your dog or cat’s holistic care, it’s important to understand how these cannabis products will interact with your pet’s endocannabinoid system. So today, we’ll be taking a few minutes to explain how the mammalian endocannabinoid system works.

Defining the Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) can be defined as a homeostatic receptor system whose sole function is to listen to and correct cellular stress chemokine production.  The receptors of that system are found within every tissue of the body, with a heavy percentage in neurological tissues. The ECS consists of four known receptor subtypes, their signaling pathways, endogenous ligands (endocannabinoids), and the synthetic and catabolic pathways for said ligands. When concentrations of the phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids found within cannabis interact with the neuromodulatory lipids and receptors that make up the ECS, modulation of numerous physiologic and pathophysiologic processes can be observed, resulting in optimal health and comfort through adjunctive and palliative means.

A Rundown on Phytocannabinoids, Terpenes and Flavonoids

Now that we understand the effects that cannabis compounds can have on a mammal’s body via interaction with the endocannabinoid system, let’s take a few minutes to discuss the differences between phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids.

Phytocannabinoids:

Phytocannabinoids are compounds which occur naturally in the cannabis plant.  Phytocannabinoids account for 111 of the 545 known compounds found within the cannabis plant.  The most impactful and heavily researched phytocannabinoids to date are CBD, CBG, CBC and CBN, and their natural (acid) forms found within the cannabis plant. CBD (cannabidiol) is particularly beneficial for pets because it works in conconjunction with THC (in very small amounts) to produce positive physiologic effects on mammalian tissues via the ECS, resulting in a number of valuable health and behavioral benefits. However, phytocannabinoids are only a part of the chemical equation of cannabis supplementation. To achieve maximized support and health through the “entourage effect”, phytocannabinoids must synergize with the other natural compounds found in cannabis, including its terpenes and flavonoids

Terpenes:

Terpenes account for more than 140 of the compounds found in cannabis and are the main building blocks of all plant resins and essential oils. They’re a major source of a plant’s scents, flavors and colors. Furthermore, terpenes represent a large class of aromatic organic hydrocarbons structurally related to isoprene. The isoprene unit forms monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids and triterpenoids, and each of these compounds produces different effects when introduced to an animal’s endocannabinoid system. The terpenes found in cannabis exhibit a wide range of biological activities. Some of them potentiate and mitigate the effects of phytocannabinoids, flavonoids and other terpenes, and some produce their own effects by means of the endocannabinoid and other systems. Consequently, terpenes are commonly utilized to increase the efficacy of pulmonary medicines, including bronchial inhalers and suppressants.

Flavonoids:

Flavonoids often occur as the pigments in fruits and flowers and have become incredibly popular in the fields of nutrition and medicine due to their potent antioxidant benefits. Over 23 flavonoids have been identified in Cannabis sativa L., and these represent seven chemical structures which can be glycosylated, prenylated or methylated. Regrettably, only a few of these 23 flavonoids have been extensively researched to gain a better understanding of their biological and physiological effects on mammals. Regardless, the flavonoids which have been studied demonstrate numerous and impactful physiologic benefits when introduced into the endocannabinoid system, particularly when combined with phytocannabinoids and terpenes.

Compound Synergy and the Entourage Effect

Once again, all three types of cannabis compounds we’ve discussed are most effective when they work together. When the cannabis plant’s major phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids are introduced to the ECS simultaneously, they synergize as nature intended, producing an entourage effect that results in more powerful and pronounced biological and physiological benefits in companion animals. However, the entourage effect only comes about when the entire cannabis plants’ chemical composition is used, which is why pet parents who want to provide maximum quality of life for their pets when utilizing cannabis-based supplementation invest in whole-plant products* like Canna Companion.  We use the mature stalks and seeds of the cannabis plant when producing our hemp supplements, providing perfect concentrations and ratios of phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids that optimize the benefits of cannabis in cats and dogs without making them feel high or stoned.

*References biochemical composition of mature stalks and seeds of hemp plants at harvest.

The Benefits of Canna Companion

Canna Companion is a pet-friendly hemp supplement which combines key phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids to produce maximal ECS support for cats and dogs. Our formulations are a fantastic way to introduce your pet to the many benefits of cannabis. Here are some of the ways that Canna Companion can help support and maintain your pet’s overall quality of life:

  1. Digestion Support

Canna Companion is effective at supporting digestive processes and maintaining a healthy GI tract in cats and dogs.

  1. Joint Flexibility and Mobility Support

Normal daily exercise and activity can cause joint discomfort in felines and canines, particularly as they grow older. Canna Companion helps to support joint flexibility, mobility and general joint health, making it a great boon for dogs and cats who struggle with joint issues.

  1. Optimized Immunity

The naturally-occurring cannabis compounds found within Canna Companion help to support your pet’s immune system, keeping their body strong and happy throughout their life.

  1. Promotes a Calm, Relaxed Demeanor

Many pets experience periods of high stress throughout the day, resulting in destructive behaviors like chewing and scratching. When regularly administered, Canna Companion can encourage a normal, calm demeanor, mitigating the impact of temporary/situational anxieties.

  1. Maintains Neurological Health

Canna Companion uses the best parts of the hemp plant to support your pet’s endocannabinoid system, resulting in a healthy and properly functioning neurological system.

  1. Provides Comfort and Care

Old age and adverse health conditions can cause a number of uncomfortable symptoms that lessen an animal’s quality of life. Canna Companion encourages relaxation and comfort in cats and dogs of all ages, keeping them happy and lively.

Contact Canna Companion

If you’re interested in learning more about Canna Companion supplements, then be sure to call or message us today. You can also send us a message if you have any other questions about the endocannabinoid system, the cannabinoid receptor system or cannabis science in general. We’d be more than happy to set you up with any information you need to provide the highest level of care and support for your canine or feline.

What Does CBD Do for Dogs?

Here at Canna Companion, we understand full well how important your canine is to your family. Your dog is a constant source of entertainment, joy, comfort and unconditional love, which is why it’s imperative to protect his or her mental and physical well-being through supplementation. Unfortunately, it can be incredibly challenging to determine the best ways to do so, especially considering the fact that there are thousands of dog health supplements on the market. How are you supposed to research and understand the effects of these products, let alone decide on the ones which will suit the needs of your lovable four-legged family member? In this blog, we’ll be helping you to sift through your list of options by discussing the uses and benefits of pet supplements that utilize CBD (cannabidiol).

Understanding the Benefits of CBD for Dogs

CBD is one of the many active cannabinoids found in cannabis. This extraordinary chemical compound is found throughout the cannabis plant in its natural state, cannabidiolic acid (CBD-A.) All types of CBD are phytocannabinoids, one of 111 compounds unique to the cannabis plant. Moreover, biologically active compounds like CBD have been proven to demonstrate a number of physiologic and pharmacologic effects on multiple mammalian tissues by supporting the endocannabinoid system (ECS), resulting in a variety of invaluable health and behavioral benefits. Put simply, with the help of high-quality cannabis products for pets, your pet’s endocannabinoid system gains unrivaled support for their GI tract, immune system, mobility, joint health, neurological systems and more, maintaining their overall quality of life.

When paired with other active cannabinoids, CBD can also produce the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect results when the cannabis plant’s major phytocannabinoids and other components are permitted to synergize with each other, creating an increase in health benefits and a decrease in adverse effect.  Cannabinoids combine with terpenes and flavonoids to produce complex molecules which the ECC (your pet’s natural cannabis receptor system) then utilizes to activate receptors throughout the body. The liver plays an important role as well in that each pass these compounds make, a slightly different molecule is made which supports the ECS in its own unique way.  These larger molecules allow for smaller amounts of the individual compounds which lessens adverse reaction risks, while still allowing your pet to reap the health benefits of the cannabis plant.

Are CBD Products Safe for Dogs?

Regrettably, not all cannabis products are designed with the well-being of our animal companions in mind. In fact, because marijuana products contain high concentrations of the psychotropic compound known as THC, they can lead to several negative effects for pets, including low blood pressures, anxiety, aggression, incontinence, an inability to walk, extreme lethargy, excessive pacing and more. Considering how distressing these adverse conditions are, it’s no surprise some pet parents are hesitant to invest in cannabis products due to concerns for their companion’s safety. However, it’s important to remember that animal-friendly cannabis supplements use hemp as the base ingredient, a variant of Cannabis sativa which is more appropriate for pets because of its low levels of THC. Consequently, hemp products have all of the benefits of CBD and other cannabinoids without subjecting your pet to large quantities of THC, effectively preventing them from feeling high or stoned.

Bear in mind overdoses can still occur when using hemp-based pet supplements,and can cause your pet to become extremely sedate, develop diarrhea, and other short-term symptoms. Cannabis dosages are largely unregulated, meaning that even if you purchase hemp supplements for your dog, they may contain ratios of CBD:THC which are not ideal for your canine’s system. To exacerbate matters, many companies  in the industry do not provide Certificate of Analyses, 3rd party test results which prove a company’s claims.  This can make it difficult to determine how much of the beneficial substance you are giving to your pet. Because most pets are significantly smaller in size than humans, it’s important to know exactly how much you’re giving them in each serving to avoid instances of overdose. That’s why we highly recommend choosing a hemp supplement provider with clear and regulated administration guidelines. After all, the safety of your dog is too important to leave to chance.

Canna Companion’s Industry-Leading Administration Guidelines

Canna Companion works with a team of licensed veterinarians to guarantee each and every supplement we produce meets our strict quality standards. Thanks to our tireless commitment to safety, transparency and clarity for customers, veterinarians and pet parents around the country use Canna Companion to take the guesswork and risk out of administering hemp to canines. Our hemp supplements are carefully measured and crafted, ensuring a standardized amount per capsule every time. Moreover, our user-friendly dosage recommendations take the unique weight, size and conditions of your pet into consideration to guarantee your dog receives the perfect levels of CBD, THC, terpenes and other compounds naturally found in hemp seed and mature stalks to achieve optimal health.

Choosing the Best CBD Supplement for Your Dog

Now that you have a basic understanding of how CBD and hemp supplements can benefit your canine, all you need to do is decide on which cannabis products will provide the most value for your dog. We recommend consulting with your veterinarian before starting your canine on any new form of medication or supplementation. These experts in the field of animal health can give you detailed information on your dog’s specific needs and help you determine which products will work best for them. Remember, your veterinarian should be your first source of advice and counsel when it comes to the health and wellness of your pet. Together, you’ll find a high-quality product that offers your pet all of the support he or she needs to stay happy and healthy for many years to come.

Canna Companion Benefits

Canna Companion is a unique blend of hemp that is specially designed to enhance the health benefits of cannabis while negating the adverse effects of all compounds, including CBD. As we mentioned earlier, each capsule contains multiple cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, which boost the benefits of CBD and other natural compounds within the plant while reducing the adverse effects of THC. Our supplements can be used to help support and maintain your canine’s overall quality of life, all while adhering to the ever-changing legal landscape. Here are some of the specific benefits that Canna Companion may provide your pet:

GI Tract Support

Canna Companion can be used to support normal GI tract health and function by supporting key digestive processes.

Immunity

Your dog’s immune system is his or her first line of defense and our hemp supplements help to support the immune system, a great boon for owners who want to keep their dogs in peak condition at all times.

Mobility and Joint Support

Normal daily exercise and activities can cause discomfort in dogs, especially once their joints begin to degrade as part of the normal aging process. Canna Companion supplements mitigate this by helping with joint discomfort and supporting general joint health in dogs of all ages.

Neurology

Canna Companion can be used to maintain healthy neurological function, supporting your dog’s mental health and performance.

Comfort and Care

Canna Companion can be used to assist in “end of life” comfort and care.

Demeanor

Canna Companion encourages a calm and relaxed demeanor in dogs, helping them to overcome temporary and/or situational anxieties.

Contact Canna Companion Today

Be sure to call or message Canna Companion if you’re interested in purchasing Canna Companion for your dog. You can also reach out to us if you want to learn more about our high-quality hemp supplements and how they can be used to maintain the well-being of your dog. We pride ourselves in offering exceptional customer support and are more than happy to provide you with any additional information or resources you need to care for your companion.

What Are Phytocannabinoids?

Phytocannabinoids are the main group of natural compounds found within hemp. Even in small concentrations, these compounds are incredibly effective at stimulating a mammal’s endocannabinoid system (a group of endogenous cannabinoid receptors in the brain and nervous system), fostering an optimized neurological system. Moreover, phytocannabinoids help to maintain a healthy digestive tract in animals while also supporting a normally functioning immune system and encouraging natural immune responses to external stimuli. That’s why thousands of pet parents across the nation utilize animal-friendly hemp supplements to promote relaxation, comfort and increased quality of life in cats and dogs of all ages.

Canna Companion is passionate about supporting the health and happiness of canines and felines through high-quality supplementation solutions, which is why we developed Canna Companion, a unique blend of Cannabis sativa strains (hemp) that is designed to enhance the benefits of cannabis while negating the “high-inducing” capacity of THC. Canna Companion is the result of over 16 years of endocannabinoid system research, and each capsule contains a combination of phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids that facilitate improvements to your pet’s quality of life. Today, we’ll be teaching you more about phytocannabinoids and how they can be used to keep your cat or dog in peak condition for many years to come.

The Science Behind Phytocannabinoids

Cannabis contains a number of naturally occurring compounds, and a majority of these are phytocannabinoids. As of today, 111 phytocannabinoids (which are unique to Cannabis sativa L) have been identified. Some of the most impactful and extensively researched phytocannabinoids are CBD, CBG, CBC and CBN. CBD (cannabidiol) is particularly valuable for pets due to its capacity to generate positive physiologic and pharmacologic effects on mammalian tissues via function of the normal endocannabinoid system, resulting in a range of health and behavioral benefits. These effects are created when exogenous phytocannabinoids synergize with endocannabinoids and impart those biologic effects directly through the endocannabinoid system. It’s taken cannabis researchers decades to fully understand this complex chemical interplay, through the application of the scientific principles of veterinary medicine, pharmacology, and clinical trials, experts in the field of cannabis science have developed specialized pet supplements that allow animals to take advantage of the plant’s invaluable health benefits.

Marijuana vs. Hemp

Cannabis supplements come in two main types: marijuana and hemp. Both marijuana and hemp supplements utilize phytocannabinoids to support the endocannabinoid system. And while marijuana products can be incredibly effective for humans, they don’t work well for pets. That’s because marijuana contains higher concentrations of THC, a psychotropic compound that causes feelings of euphoria. The CBD:THC ratios used in most marijuana products promote relaxation and comfort in humans, but they can cause negative effects in pets, including:

  • Low blood pressure
  • Anxiety
  • Aggression
  • Incontinence
  • Inability to walk straight
  • Lethargy or excessive pacing

These serious side effects make it abundantly clear why most pet owners forgo marijuana products in favor of hemp supplementation. The phytocannabinoid, terpene and flavonoid profiles in hemp work perfectly for pets. Hemp supplements contain smaller amounts of CBD, THC and other non-psychotropic cannabinoids, giving companion animals all of the benefits of cannabis while minimizing its side effects. Additionally, cannabis overdoses occur far more frequently in marijuana than hemp because of its more potent concentrations of cannabinoids. Last but not least, it’s important to remember that possession of any marijuana product is illegal in many parts of the country. Hemp, however, is 100% legal to own and use in every single U.S. state.

Put simply, if you’re looking to provide optimal care and support for your cat or dog through cannabis products, it’s best to stick with formulations derived from hemp.

The Benefits of Canna Companion

Canna Companion is a pet-friendly supplement that combines key phytocannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids to produce the “entourage effect” in pets. The entourage effect occurs when all of the cannabis plant’s major components work in concert with one another, resulting in greater efficacy. Our formulations are a fantastic way to introduce your pet to the many benefits of cannabis without the risk of feeling high or stoned. Here are some of the ways that Canna Companion may help support and maintain your pet’s overall quality of life:

  1. Digestion Support

Both cats and dogs can have incredibly sensitive digestive systems. Fortunately, Canna Companion is formulated to be very effective at supporting digestive processes and maintaining a healthy GI tract for each species.

  1. Joint Flexibility and Mobility Support

Normal daily exercise and activity can cause severe joint discomfort in cats and dogs, especially as they approach their later years of life. This can make it very difficult for your lovable four-legged friend to move through the house and jump up onto the bed for pets each morning. Canna Companion may help to support joint flexibility, mobility and general joint health, making it perfect for dogs and cats of all ages.

  1. Optimized Immunity

The naturally-occurring cannabis compounds found within Canna Companion may help to support your pet’s immune system, keeping their body strong, promoting long-term health.

  1. Promotes a Calm, Relaxed Demeanor

Many pets experience periods of high stress throughout the day. Stress responses in cats and dogs can be triggered by major and minor events alike, including moving to a new home, losing a family member, being caught off guard by loud noises (like fireworks or machinery) or even watching their human leaving for work or school every morning. Regrettably, the negative emotions caused by these stressful situations can result in destructive behaviors. When regularly administered, Canna Companion can encourage a normal, calm demeanor, mitigating the effects of temporary/situational anxieties.

  1. Maintains Neurological Health

Canna Companion uses the entire hemp plant to support your pet’s endocannabinoid system, resulting in a normal, healthy and properly functioning neurological system.

  1. Provides Comfort and Care

Old age and adverse health conditions can cause a number of uncomfortable symptoms that lessen an animal’s quality of life. Canna Companion promotes relaxation and comfort for animals of all ages, keeping them happy and in high spirits.

Contact Canna Companion Today

If you’re interested in learning more about our high-quality hemp supplements, then be sure to call or message us. We’d be happy to teach you more about what Canna Companion can do to support the health and happiness of your pet. You can also reach out to us if you have other questions about cannabis sciences or phytocannabinoids for pets. We look forward to hearing from you soon.

Benefits of CBD for Dogs

Your dog deserves the best, and we all know it. But with the many flashy products and supplements on the market, how do you know what the best really is? Many pet parents are constantly on the lookout for any promising way to support their pup’s well-being. CBD for dogs may seem like the newest in a long list of fads, but this resource has actually been studied for decades—and it shows great promise in helping dogs stay happy and healthy. 

 

The cannabis plant contains a huge number of chemical compounds. We’ve discovered 545 so far, but there remains more to be found. Many of these compounds offer substantial health benefits for mammals. Consequently, hemp supplements that utilize these compounds can be used to support and maintain the long-term health and well-being of companion animals. 

 

At Canna Companion, we’re passionate about teaching pet parents across the nation about the incredible impact that cannabis can have on their favorite four-legged friends. Today, we’ll be discussing one of the most potent and effective chemical compounds that hemp products can provide for dogs: cannabidiol. 

Dog with Vet

What Is Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a powerful chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. It’s one of over 80 chemical compounds that are known as cannabinoids (compounds that are secreted by cannabis flowers). When cannabis is consumed, these cannabinoids bind to receptor sites that are located throughout the body. 

 

Bear in mind that cannabinoids have a different effect on the system depending on which specific receptors they connect with, and some of the compounds have a stronger affinity for certain receptors. For example, the compound tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) prefers to tie with receptors in the brain, and CBD prefers to connect with receptors throughout the rest of the body. As a result, each type of cannabis product has a unique “cannabinoid profile” to provide different types of relief through the stimulation of certain receptors. 

 

With the right ratio of chemical compounds, CBD formulated for dogs can support the health and function of the endocannabinoid system, which is the homeostatic receptor system in the body that listens to and corrects cellular stress chemokine production. A stable endocannabinoid system results in further support for a number of physiologic and pathophysiologic processes in dogs. 

THC Strains vs. CBD Strains

A vast majority of pet cannabis products either contain no-THC or high-CBD formulations. The primary difference between the two compounds is that CBD isn’t psychoactive. Unlike THC, strains that contain high amounts of CBD won’t make your animal feel intoxicated or “high,” but they can unbalance the cannabis receptor system.  In fact, CBD actually counteracts and mitigates the psychoactive effects of THC. As a result, when dogs ingest a cannabis product that contains more CBD than THC, they receive many of the benefits of the plant without experiencing the negative side effects of THC, including that “high” or “stoned” feeling.

The Benefits of CBD

CBD produces a calming effect on the mind, which is incredibly useful for dogs that are struggling with situational anxiety, behavioral problems, or sleep loss. Because CBD is a type of cannabinoid, it has the capacity to bind to cannabinoid receptors, allowing your pet to benefit from its phenomenal effects on mood, memory, immune function, and more. Last but not least, recent research has shown that CBD exhibits properties which improve mobility and overall comfort, making it a great tool for managing and assisting with a wide range of body processes.

Dog on Beach

Choosing the Right Cannabis Supplement for Your Dog

By investing in high-quality pet supplements that make use of cannabis compounds, you can provide your dog with all of the support he or she needs to stay happy and healthy for years and years to come. However, it’s imperative to understand what’s actually in the products that you give your dog. While hemp and marijuana are both types of cannabis, they can have very different effects on your pup. 

 

Marijuana contains much higher concentrations of THC than hemp, allowing it to create powerful feelings of euphoria. This effect can promote relaxation and relief of stress for humans, but the same is not true for animals. Regrettably, marijuana supplements can cause a multitude of problems for cats and dogs, including:

 

  • Low blood pressure
  • Increased anxiety
  • Aggression
  • Incontinence
  • Inability to walk straight
  • Extreme lethargy or excessive pacing

 

Additionally, despite the fact that medical marijuana is legal in over 20 U.S. states, it’s still illegal to possess marijuana pet supplements in many parts of the country. The takeaway here is that, if you’re interested in the benefits of CBD for dogs, avoid marijuana products—and their adverse effects. 

 

Hemp supplements for pets are much safer for your dog and are designed to give her all of the benefits of cannabis while minimizing its potential negative side effects. Furthermore, unlike marijuana, hemp is completely legal to possess in any part of the United States, allowing you to provide optimal care for your animal without worrying about legal complications or consequences.

Canna Companion

Canna Companion is a unique blend of hemp that’s designed to magnify the benefits of cannabis while negating the drawbacks and euphoric effects of THC found in marijuana. Each capsule contains a mixture of ingredients that are naturally found in the cannabis plant. When creating our supplements, we use the entire cannabis plant (including the stalks, seeds, and stems) rather than relying solely on its flowers. This revolutionary technique actually increases the benefits of our products and further mitigates the adverse effects of THC. We also maintain strict quality standards to ensure that your dog receives the best and most effective product possible.Cannabis CapsulesYou can use Canna Companion to help support and maintain your dog’s overall quality of life, as well as to target key issues like short-term anxiety. Here are some of the incredible benefits that our products can provide:

GI Tract Support

Your dog’s digestive system does a lot, from absorbing vital nutrients to expelling solid waste. A huge number of organs need to work together to accomplish these necessary tasks, and if one is thrown off, the entire system suffers. Contrary to popular belief, dogs don’t have iron stomachs—and anything from a foreign object to an allergen could cause upset in one or more parts of the GI tract. Our hemp supplements help to support proper GI tract health in dogs, putting your furry friend in a better position to handle stomach and intestinal discomfort. 

Immunity

It’s imperative to keep your dog’s immune system in good condition to protect them from the range of microbes that are constantly being introduced into their system. A healthy, functioning immune system helps dogs fend off the daily onslaught and stay in top form. Canna Companion supports your dog’s first and best line of defense so she can play longer with her favorite human.  

Mobility and Joint Support

Whether your dog loves to play fetch, swim, or just go for walks, mobility is a key component in his quality of life. But as canines age, they begin to slow down and may lose some range of motion. Daily exercise and activity can cause discomfort in older dogs and discourage them from enjoying life to the fullest. Canna Companion supplements mitigate this issue by supporting general joint health and reducing joint discomfort associated with regular activity. 

Demeanor

All dogs respond to stress differently. Some might love car rides, while others dread them. Situational stressors like thunderstorms and fireworks can cause anxiety in many dogs because they see those loud noises as an unknown threat. You might notice that anxiety being expressed in destructive ways, like tearing up furniture or excessive barking, or just restless pacing and panting. Specially formulated CBD for dogs can help with that anxiety! Canna Companion encourages a calm and relaxed demeanor in dogs, aiding them in the process of overcoming temporary and/or situational anxieties.

Capsule or CBD Oil?

If your dog has a hard time taking pills or is in need of more immediate support for his endocannabinoid system, we also offer a high-quality Whole Plant Hemp Oil that conveys the same benefits of our capsules. Remember that each dog will respond to CBD differently, and you may find that you need to adjust her individual dosage of CBD oil or switch to an extra strength capsule over the regular option. If you’re interested in trying a CBD product for dogs but aren’t sure how to proceed, reach out to a veterinarian to discuss your dog’s specific needs.

Order Canna Companion for Your Dog Today

Check out our online shop to learn more about our quality hemp supplements and find the perfect product for your dog. Just be sure to consult with your veterinarian before starting your pup on any new supplement regimen. 

 

Finally, if you have any questions about cannabis for dogs or the effects of CBD, don’t hesitate to call or message us today. We value the health of your dog just as much as you do, and we’d be happy to connect you with any additional information or resources that you need to take care of them. 

Ultimate Guide to Cannabis Oil for Dogs and Cats

Cannabis oil is revolutionizing the world of pet care. This incredibly beneficial resource is derived from the cannabis plant and can supply the bodies of mammals with a host of natural compounds that support a healthy body and relieve normal mental distress. In light of ongoing research into the supportive benefits of this renewable resource, more and more veterinary experts are recommending cannabis oil products to pet parents. 

 

At Canna Companion, we take pride in manufacturing the most effective and affordable cannabis pet products in the industry. To help you determine whether our high-quality cannabis oil is the best choice for your pet, we’re going to discuss some of the positive effects that it can have on cats and dogs. But before we hop in, let’s take some time to learn more about different types of cannabis oil.

What Exactly Is Cannabis Oil?

Cannabis oil is essentially a liquid that is extracted from cannabis plants. It’s a form of cannabis concentrate with two primary variants: high-THC and high-CBD. As you might guess, each variant contains more of a specific type of compound, called a cannabinoid. A cannabinoid is a chemical compound found in the cannabis plant that interacts with receptors in the bodies of animals to produce a multitude of effects. Here’s a quick rundown of both cannabis oil variants and the primary cannabinoids that they contain.

High-THC Cannabis Oil 

High-THC cannabis oil contains large amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is one of more than 113 cannabinoids that we’ve discovered in the plant so far. THC is very widely known because of its psychoactive effects. In humans, this specific cannabinoid can cause powerful short-term feelings of euphoria, elation and relaxation—but in pets it often causes significant distress.  

 

Although products with high levels of THC can produce fantastic results for people, they aren’t ideal for companion animals, whose small bodies can become heavily intoxicated with very small amounts of THC. Products containing a significant amount of tetrahydrocannabinol can cause many adverse side effects in dogs and cats, including low blood pressure, increased anxiety, aggressive behavior, extreme lethargy, and incontinence. High-THC products can also make it difficult for pets to walk straight. Put simply, when choosing cannabis oil for your product, it’s much safer to choose one that doesn’t contain large doses of THC. 

High-CBD Cannabis Oil 

High-CBD cannabis oil contains large amounts of cannabinol (CBD), another cannabinoid that affects the body. Unlike THC, CBD doesn’t cause the feeling of “highness.” Researchers have been studying this chemical compound in preclinical trials for several years, and they’ve found that CBD has the potential to be very effective as a supportive supplement in the right quantities.  

 

Since high-CBD cannabis oil contains significantly lower amounts of THC, it’s much safer for dogs and cats to ingest. Regardless, high-CBD medical and recreational marijuana products can still contain too much CBD or THC for pets to safely consume and may cause them to accidentally overdose. That’s why it’s imperative to purchase cannabis oil that’s specifically designed for companion animals. 

The Benefits and Drawbacks of Cannabis Oil for Pets

When cannabis oil that contains an ideal dosage of THC and CBD is administered, pets can experience phenomenal benefits that support and maintain their quality of life. That’s because cannabinoids in cannabis oil interact with receptors in the bodies of animals to provide supportive benefits, and it doesn’t take a lot of compounds to provide those benefits. Cannabis oil is particularly useful for animals nearing the later stages of life, as it can help reduce normal age-related joint discomfort, allowing them to remain healthier and happier well into their final years.

What Can Cannabis Oil Do for Cats and Dogs?

High-quality cannabis oil formulated just for pets can convey a variety of supportive benefits. A whole plant formula makes use of the entourage effect, which is the synergistic relationship between major phytocannabinoids and other components. Single-compound CBD products can unbalance the endocannabinoid system, leading to less effective support for your pet. Regularly administered, whole plant CBD oil can balance the endocannabinoid system—resulting in support for the GI tract, joints, neurology, demeanor, and the immune system.

What Are the Potential Drawbacks of Cannabis Oil?

Regrettably, there are a few key drawbacks to using some forms of cannabis oil. Once again, giving your cat or dog cannabis oil that isn’t created for them can result in overdoses. Life-threatening overdoses are incredibly rare, but many animals that ingest too much THC or CBD will struggle with walking and eating properly until the effects fade. Moreover, possession of cannabis oil that contains more than 0.3% THC is still illegal in many parts of the country, meaning that purchasing certain high-THC products for your pet could subject you to severe legal consequences. 

 

Ultimately, pet parents should be careful to avoid exposing their furry friends to marijuana products, which can lack dosage information and contain unregulated levels of cannabinoids. Hemp-based products like certain CBD oils contain carefully balanced ratios of cannabinoids and can allow pets to enjoy the benefits of cannabis while minimizing the adverse effects of marijuana. 

Cannabis Oil vs. CBD Capsules

If you’ve consulted your vet and decided to try a CBD supplement for your pet, you may be wondering whether you should go with a high-quality capsule or cannabis oil for cats and dogs. Cannabis oil is ideal for cats and dogs who require more immediate support to the endocannabinoid system, as the liquid will absorb more quickly than a capsule. You may also find CBD oil for cats and dogs a helpful solution for pets that don’t pill well. 

 

In the end, your decision should come down to the unique needs of your pet. To better determine whether to go with a capsule or CBD oil for cats or dogs, take some time to evaluate your furry friend’s well-being, daily activity, and disposition. You may also want to reach out to a veterinary professional for further insight. 

Canna Companion’s Cannabis Oil

Canna Companion whole plant hemp oilCanna Companion offers a whole plant-based CBD hemp oil that’s derived from a unique blend of Cannabis sativa strains, frequently referred to as hemp, with the right ratio between THC and CBD. Our cannabis oil for pets is designed to enhance the benefits of the cannabis plant while negating the “high-inducing” capacity of THC. All of our products are developed by licensed veterinarians, and these animal experts maintain strict quality control on our cannabis oil to ensure that your cat or dog receives a safe and effective dosage. Most importantly, all Canna Companion hemp products are completely legal to purchase and possess in any part of the United States. 

 

Our Whole Plant Hemp Oil is cold pressed and CO2 extracted, and contains natural-occurring CBD. The special whole plant formula taps into the power of the entourage effect, supporting your pet’s optimal health and well-being.

 

Our cannabis oil products are ideal for:

 

  • Pets that require joint flexibility and mobility support from daily activities
  • Pets that suffer from temporary stress or situational anxieties
  • Pets who need immune system and neurological support.

Administration

To minimize the risk of GI tract upset and ensure the highest rate of absorption, you should administer our Whole Plant Hemp Oil during or after a meal. Cats and dogs typically need 0.1mLs for every 10 lbs., two to three times daily, but exact dosage will vary based on the size, breed, and unique response of your pet’s endocannabinoid system. 

 

Consult your veterinarian before introducing CBD oil into your pet’s routine. We’re also happy to schedule a complimentary consultation with a licensed veterinary professional who can answer questions about cannabis science and the effects of hemp on your pet. 

Order Cannabis Oil for Your Pet Today

Be sure to visit our online shop to see our full selection of hemp supplements for dogs and cats. We offer a variety of products to meet your pet’s specific needs, including Extra Strength formulations (with heightened CBD:THC ratios) for even more pronounced results and end of life comfort. Last but not least, remember to call or message us today if you have any questions about our products or want to learn more about how cannabis can help keep your pet in peak condition for many years to come.